ATTEMPT TO INITIATE COMMUNICATION 1.8
Goal: To improve initial social skills
Objective(s): The student will be able to initiate communication appropriately in variety of situations.
1. Think about what you want to say.
2. Decide who to say it to.
3. Decide how you are going to say it.
4. Approach the other person either verbally or nonverbally.
Definition: Initiating communication means starting a conversation with someone.
Discuss reasons for initiating conversations appropriately.
Elicit examples from the class if possible, or present reasons:
• It shows our friends we like them.
• We can make new friends.
• It's polite.
• People like it.
• What happens if we don't begin talking in a nice way?
• Teacher explains to the students how to start a conversation with someone they know and someone they just met.
• Make a list of topics to talk about with people the students know and people they don't know.
• Make a list of the reasons people talk to each other.
Model/Role-play with Feedback
• Role play by initiating a conversation with different students in the class. Alternately follow and break the two "Let's Start Talking" rules. Solicit feedback from the class.
• Have pairs of children role play initiating conversations with each other.
• Students can think of a starting sentence to get a conversation going when the teacher tells the student what to talk about.
• Role play situations in which students meet new people.
• Play the telephoning game from "Let's Talk."
• Videotape students role playing a "Talk Show" where they interview guests. Evaluate their performances.
• Use or make hand puppets. Use puppets to initiate conversations.
Application with Feedback
• Teacher selects two students at random (names could be drawn from a hat/bowl). One student stands on the front of the room. The other goes to the hall, re-enters classroom and is to approach the other, make eye contact and say greeting.
• Students self-record the number of people they initiate conversation with. Share results at the end of the day.
• Paraprofessional charts frequency of student efforts to initiate communication within specified freeplay, lunch period, or reinforcement period.
• Students fill in blank captions from cartoons.
• Parents or other teachers are asked to monitor student performance of the skill and provide feedback to social skills trainer.
• Students are hosts to visitors to classroom or school, and are reminded that initiating communication is part of that job.