BE ASSERTIVE 6.12
Goal: To improve conflict management skills
1. The student will be able to identify situations where he/she is being taken advantage of, ignored, mistreated, or teased.
2. The student will be able to stand up for self in an assertive manner.
1. Recognize that you are dissatisfied. Pay attention to what is going on in your body that helps you know that you are dissatisfied and would like to stand up for yourself.
2. Decide what happened to make you feel dissatisfied.
3. Think about ways in which you might stand up for yourself and choose one.
4. Stand up for yourself in a direct and responsible way. (Goldstein and et al, 1980 p. 112)
Note: This skill is particularly important for withdrawn or shy trainees, as well as those who respond in a typically aggressive way. (Goldstein and et al, 1980 p. 112)
Definition: Being assertive is being able to stand up for your rights or to tell someone they've upset you without making them angry.
Rationale: If you can give negative feedback appropriately, people will be less likely to be upset with you and more likely to change their behavior.
• Make a list of comments that include polite, assertive, and aggressive remarks. Have the students determine which of the three types of comments they are.
Polite "It's your bedtime. Would you please get into bed?"
Assertive "It is your bedtime. You need to get into bed now."
Aggressive "If you don't get into bed, you've had it!"
• Prepare a list of situations that includes times when a polite comment would be appropriate and others when an assertive comment would be necessary.
Polite Your teacher passed out scissors for a craft project and he accidentally gave you a pair for a left-handed person. You are not left-handed.
Assertive You bought a cassette player that came with a full one-year guarantee. One month later, it did not work. You asked the salesperson to replace it or fix it. The salesperson ignored the warranty and refused.
• Have students compare the difference between being assertive and being aggressive.(Mayo and Walto, 1986 p.199) Compare three communication styles: "doormat," "bully," and "adult." Pictures included. (Deckert and et al, 1989 p. 34-41) When someone asks you to do something you can't do, you should say 'no' politely. Sometimes you have to say 'no' when friends ask you to help them, share something with them, or do them a favor. You need to say why you can't do it. (Walker and et al, 1988 p. 97-98)
• Use this skill when you are being taken advantage of, ignored, or mistreated.
Model/Role-play with Feedback
• Students list things they can't do, then discuss how they can politely say 'no' when they are asked to do something they can't do.
• Students practice use of "I" statements either on teacher made worksheet or in pairs.
• Students look for examples of individuals who are being taken advantage of (pictures, TV shows, books, news articles and make a script for that individual to be assertive.
• Worksheets: Students identify communication characteristics of "doormat," "bully," "adult" styles. (Deckert and et al, 1989 p.36-38)
• Makes posters for classroom, illustrating communication styles.
Role play situations:
• Your older brother borrows your bicycle without asking.
• You talk with parent about need for more privacy.
• Your sister borrows clothes and returns them dirty.
• A parent is "on your case" for little things.
• Your brother/sister took your clothes without asking.
• You are playing Candyland and your turn gets skipped.
• A classmate continues to distract you in class.
• Your teacher blames you for something unfairly.
• You keep raising your hand, but the teacher never calls on you.
• You are in the lunch line and a classmate butts in front of you.
• You see a classmate take your pencil off your desk
• You are sitting with one group of friends at lunch and another person asks you to sit by her.
• You are working hard to finish your math.(there are only a few minutes left) and the teacher asks you to collect papers.
• You saved your money and bought a new ball. Another student asks to play with it, but you're not ready to share.
• A teacher embarrasses you in front of class.
• A friend hasn't returned (record, book, ball) he borrowed last month.
• A waitress has not returned your change after two requests.
• You talk with peer after not being chosen for the club (team).
Videos: Positive & Negative examples (Walker and et al, 1988 p.98) Video: (Hazel and et al, 1980 p. 75-76)
Application with Feedback
• Journal writing stimulus questions: Tell about a time you were teased. How did you react? Would you act differently if it happened again?
• Teacher arranges situation possibly with another teacher, such as cafeteria worker to leave dessert of a student's tray, or the teacher can tell student she has not turned in a particular assignment.