NONVERBAL TURN-TAKING 1.10
Goal: To improve initial social skills
Objective(s): The student will be able to take his/her turn by observing when it's appropriate to take a turn.
1. Look at what is happening.
2. Decide if you want to/should participate.
3. Look around to see if there are others who want a turn.
4. Decide if it is your turn or someone else's turn.
5. Take your turn or allow the other person to take his/her turn.
Definition: Nonverbal turn taking is when a person participates in a group activity, taking a turn appropriately without being called on or given a verbal clue. Give examples for students: when a group plays a board game, when the class is engaged in a group discussion where hand raising is not required.
Rationale: Discuss why it's important for students to know when to take turns.
• Discuss that students need to let the other person finish his turn or statement before starting. Also discuss that the student can watch for pauses as cues to join in or take a turn.
• Elicit examples from students to use as basis for later role playing.
• Review skill "Interrupting Appropriately."
Model/Role-play with Feedback
• You are playing a game with one other person (Checkers, War, etc.).
• You are playing a board game with three other people (Sorry, Clue, etc.).
• Your class is seated in a circle discussing a topic (current events, history, etc.).
• Your family is eating dinner, the bread which is being passed around, and you want a slice.
• A group of your friends are jumping rope and you want to join in.
• You are in the cafeteria and have something to say to your friends.
• You go to clock in at work and there are five people ahead of you.
Application with Feedback
• Engage students in playing structured games, either in pairs or in small groups. Inform students of the goal they are to achieve: to take turns appropriately without verbal signals. An observer can evaluate the group on a checklist.
• Play large group game such as "Telephone".
• Teachers can initiate informal, open ended conversation with students over a relevant topic (Ask "Has anyone seen any good movies lately?", etc.) and evaluate performance.
• Teacher selects one class period and informs students that during this time they should participate without hand raising. Teacher evaluates performance